In this article not only Henry Vansittart is introduced for the first time as an orientalist who worked for Pashto language and history in eighteenth century, but also a valuable history of the Pashtoons in the shape of Israr-ul-Afaghana written in the early stage of sixteenth century (1580 AD) is introduced. The shape of the old Pashto script of eighteenth century along with the translation of Henry Vansittartis also given in the article for the interest of those readers and writers who have some relation to Pashto language and history.

Muhammad Javed Khalil, Salma Shaheen