LEXICAL VARIATION IN PASHTO: A COMPARATIVE STUDY CONDUCTED IN MARDAN AND SWAT

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this investigation was to find out lexical variation in Pashto spoken in Mardan and Swat. The linguistic variables of region and age were considered to find out lexical variation in Pashto spoken in both these target regions. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, two data sets were used, primary and secondary data. Primary data served as the basis of information for this comparative study of lexical variation. This primary data was encoded in an open-ended questionnaire to get secondary data. The secondary data served to confirm the primary findings. For achieving the purpose of the study, a questionnaire was distributed among a randomly selected 50, 50 participants from both the target regions. Orally administered questionnaire was also conducted in order to achieve the objective of the study. Moreover, observation of the speakers in both the target regions was another research tool.

Dr. Muhammad Kaleem, Muhammad Ali