An Analysis Of Postmodernism In Pashto Fiction

Abstract

Postmodernism is a movement which reflects various fields of interest. It is applied on literature, architecture, manufacturing, engineering, medical and fine arts. Professional fields tend to mould with the ongoing replacement of thing. Ideas incline to reshape through the process of modification. Postmodernism is termed in three perspectives i.e. era, generally after World War II and specifically from 1970, the philosophical ideas and critical thinking of late 1960s referring Poststructuralists Jacques Darrida, Michael Foucault, Jean-Francois Lyotard and Martin Heidegger and consequently a compact package that refers to the era and philosophical and critical studies. Postmodernism is also used as synonym term along with post-industrialism movement. In literature postmodernism is a live movement prevailed worldwide irrespective of constantly challenging by various fields’ thinkers. Literary, Postmodernism is the death of Grand-narratives or meta-narrative. It focuses on micro-narratives where social and economic ideas flourish significantly. In Pashto fiction postmodernism starts after the drive of 9/11. In Pashto fiction the events, scenes, situations, scenarios and ideas refer to Postmodernism have been explained frequently. Some fictional writings comprising the terms and terminologies referred to postmodernism. Some writers of Pashto fiction challenge the traditionalists. They opt to channelize the Pashto fictional writing on the parameters of world literature. They tend to challenge the traditional ways of writing as ill-dated and out-moded. Social and economic changes will in dire need to be reshaped with the global rapid changes. It leads to the discourse where ultimate reality seeming cease able. This paper will reflect the movement of postmodernism elaborated in the form of terms and terminologies constructed in the fictional writings of Pashto literature.

Muhammad Anwar Khan Aurakzai