It’s true that intellectuals and writers are always influenced by, and react to, the social, cultural, political and economic environment prevalent in their societies. The turmoil and transformations produced by these conditions serve as an inspiration for the progressive writers of the day, who depict these changing socio-economic and political conditions directly in their writings. Dr. Najam Abbasi, a medical practitioner, is also one of those writers who portrayed the stark realities of life and popular culture to the people, not only showcasing the retrogressive evils prevalent in the society but also suggesting progressive remedies for them. Moreover, Dr. Abbasi was one of the very few progressive writers who devoted their literary genius towards elimination of various social and political ills surfacing in the lives of the people of Sindh. Dr. Abbasi began writing before the partition of India (19437). His debut work was a short story named Himat Ain Koshish (Courage & Effort). The Partition also sparked myriad new socio-political issues that provided the Sindhi literati new avenues of intellectual activities. These issues dealt with the dilemmas of migration, the sordid gift of Partition, and the demographic changes that it brought in the cultural and political fabric of Sindh. These rapid and rather unexpected transformations in our society drove the young writers and activist to pen the impact of the changes caused by the Partition on the lives of common people in Sindh. Sindh, therefore, was bustling with many poets, and writers who made Partition and the horrors that it brought the mainstay of their literary works. Dr. Abbasi was one such short story writer and novelist, and an activist who used his writings to document, portray, and suggest possible remedies to the many socio-economic, political, legal and atrocities committed against Sindh, and its local population. Moreover, he enlightened the people of Sindh to break the shackles of false premonitions, misplaced beliefs, and myths including their belief in black magic that had entrapped them for centuries, and in many ways, still haunt them today.

Rehana Nazir