THE EDUCATIONAL MOVEMENTS IN KHYBER PAKTHUNKHWA: 19011947; A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

Abstract

This historical paper is about the Educational movements in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa before independence of Pakistan. The province was established in 1901after bifurcation of the Punjab province. Both primary (Archival records, personal diaries etc.) and secondary sources (Books, documents, newspapers) were used to analyse the conclusion through internal and external criticism, content analysis and document analysis. The Muslims populated province of N.W.F.P now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, was the most backward province in education in the entire India. The inhabitants of the province, mostly Pashtuns, were ignored in education by the Britishers, due to their geo- strategic location. It was the gateway of the invasions, so there must be no or low resistance in the strategic way of it, which needed illiterate subordinates. Their energies were diverted towards other social multiplicities, detached them from trade, commerce, business and decision making stakeholder ship. Several primary schools in the province were offered to be established after successful participation of the villagers in the World War .

M. Sohail, Hafiz M. Inamlullah, Hafiz M.Irshadullah