This paper explains the background of the progressive movement in the literary circles of Indo-Pak. Literature is the direct inspiration from the society, which is not static in nature. Therefore, body language of human, change with the nature of social changes in the society. It was the capitalism in second decade of the nineteenth century which caused and initiated resistance to human exploitation. The literary progressive movement was initiated as a result of the literary resistance in the Europe followed by the socio-economical exploitation the subcontinent.

Dr. Nasrullah Khan