Abstract:

Research work is inclined to be referential for better understanding. References are given either in foot notes or in end notes. Both kinds of references are widely used in the research work worldwide. Bibliography is used at the end of the book. References and bibliographies are compulsory used in the academic research work. There are scarcity of books entitled references and bibliography in Pashto literature. This research paper is focusing on the structure of references and bibliographies. Key words: Citation, Reference, bibliography, foot notes, end notes, parenthetical method.

Ayaz Ullah Tarakzai